Kenya, like all African countries, focused on poverty alleviation at independence, perhaps due to the level of vulnerability of its populations but also as a result of the ‘trickle down’ economic discourses of the time since as the country grew richer, this wealth would trickle down to benefit the poorest sections of society. In recent years though, social dimensions such as levels of access to education, clean water and energy are important in assessing people’s quality of life.

The energy sector remains a critical enabler for achieving Kenya’s socio – economic objectives, global commitments such as the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which include; SDG 1 on climate on poverty reduction, SDG 3 on improved health and wellbeing, SDG 7 on sustainable energy for all, SDG 13 on climate action and SDG 17 on partnerships.

Following the expiry of the Economic Recovery Strategy (2003-2007), Kenya’s Development Agenda is now anchored on the Kenya Vision 2030 and the Governments “Big four Agenda” comprising of Food and Nutrition, Manufacturing, affordable Housing and Health care. The objective behind it is creating “a globally competitive and prosperous country with a high quality of life by 2030” and to transform Kenya into “a newly –industrialized, middle -income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment”. Energy will be the enabler for development.

The department of energy & electrification under the ministry of energy & electrification, lands & physical planning, urban development & planning is mandated to carry out the following; Street lighting (lighting of roads and streets), flood lighting (lighting of markets) ,rural electrification (Installation of transformers and use of available energy resources to generate energy in off grid Areas), promotion of use of renewable and clean energy solutions and developing of Policies and Legislations in the energy sector.

The department focuses on enabling and enhancing a safe and healthy society through its programs like rural electrification, lighting of markets and streets and promotion of clean and sustainable energy solutions.

Under the leadership of H.E Dr. Alfred Mutua the county has embraced renewable energy & so far has installed 1057 integrated solar streetlights.

There also exists a draft energy policy on “Clean and Sustainable Energy” and we have initiated the process of developing the County Energy Plans in order to provide a holistic approach to sustainable and clean energy issues that meets the obligations of climate change response, the policy has addressed itself to the following Eight (8) Policy concerns:

  • Ensuring universal access to clean energy by residents to Machakos County
  • Promoting development of renewable energy sources e.g. solar, wind, bio energy and small hydros.
  • Enhancing adoption of energy efficiency and conservation measures in the county e.g. implementing energy audits ,fostering use of less energy in manufacturing of goods and services without compromising quality and quantity and use of technologies that require less energy to perform same task.
  • Providing effective policy and legal framework for clean waste management e.g. waste to energy
  • Providing a framework for implementing and financing the County Clean Energy Program


  • 130 streetlights in Machakos& Athi River town
  • 28 floodlights implemented under Nairobi Metropolitan across the county.


  • Floodlights- 907 in 538 markets
  • Streetlights-2,747 colums covering over 109 Kms
  • Rural Electrification-7,200 households electrified


  • Less accidents experienced in Kyumbi-Machakos Road.
  • Less muggings & theft of shops in markets with installed mulika mwizi as opposed to those without.
  • Little investments in markets with no electricity as opposed to those with electricity
  • Increased trading hours.
  • Less spending in homes that use electricity as opposed to those that use paraffin
  • Improved performance in rural schools
  • Improved quality of health services


The department of Energy and Electrification is mandated to undertake the following functions

  • Lighting of roads, streets and markets
  • Repair and maintenance of commissioned street lights ,floodlights and county premises
  • County Rural electrification through grid intensification , densification and mini-grids
  • Enforcement county & national energy policies
  • Support/ Create awareness and implement Renewable energy/ Green energy initiatives
  • County energy policy formulation & implementation.
  • Development of county energy management plans
  • Mobilization of funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency & conservation projects
  • Partner with various Stakeholders in service delivery


  • Council of Governors ( CoG)
  • Ministry of Energy and petroleum( REREC, KP, KETRACO,KENGEN)
  • The World Bank group through Machakos County Municipalities
  • Private sector Associations (eg. KAM )and Entrepreneurs
  • Civil Society Organizations

Contact Details of Key Personnel


Name: Newton Musyoka Muinde
Designation: Chief Officer – Energy & Electrification
Mobile Number: +254 703 779605
Email Address:

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